Aug 19, 2020 | Anatomy 101, Yoga Anatomy

Yoga Anatomy | Human Anatomy | Skeletal System

Yoga research about the musculoskeletal system shows that practicing yoga affects all body systems. Studying the anatomical systems as modern biology defines them-then, challenge yourself to shift to a yogic perspective, experience the body as an interconnected whole. We gonna start by the Skeletal System following by the muscular systems and so much more because the human body is an extraordinary machine.

SKELETAL SYSTEM – The skeletal system is made by 206 bones, they are dynamic and living organs. Together they form the frame for the body that provides struture, protection and the ability to move.

The bones are made of collagen and they store a mineral, the calcium who makes them strong and is vital for bodily functions. They also contain bone marrow where blood cells are produced. Bones form joints, which are supported by cartilage and structures such as ligaments. Yoga can support bone and joint health.

THE SPINE – The spine or Vertebral column runs from the base of the skull to the pelvis. It’s the pillar who support the body’s weight and  protect the spinal cord. There are three natural curves in the spine that give it an “S” shape when viewed from the side.

The spine is made up of 24 vertebras, they are sitting on top of each other to create natural curves. This is called a “neutral spine.

The spine is divided into three regions:

  • Cervical spine — There are seven vertebrae within the cervical spine, numbered C1 to C7 from top to bottom. This inward curve is called a lordotic curve.
  • Thoracic spine — There are 12 vertebrae (T1 to T12) in the chest section, called the thoracic spine. The ribs attach to the spine on the thoracic vertebrae. The curve of the thoracic spine bends outward like a backward “C” and is called a kyphotic curve.
  • Lumbar spine — The lumbar spine or lower back consists of five vertebrae numbered L1 to L5. The curve of the lumbar spine also bends inward (lordotic curve).

Below the lumbar spine is a large bone called the sacrum. The sacrum forms the base of the spine and the back of the pelvis. Below the sacrum is a small bone called the coccyx (or tailbone), which is another specialized bone created by the fusion of several smaller bones during development.

THE PELVIS – The pelvis is made up of two hip bones connected by the sacrum, and four articulations: Sacroiliac joints (x2), Sacrococcygeal and Pubic symphysis.


  • Transfer of weight from the upper axial skeleton to the lower appendicular components of the skeleton, especially during movement.
  • Provides attachment for a number of muscles and ligaments used in the movement.
  • Contains and protects the abdominopelvic and pelvic viscera.


  • Neutral Pelvis: Pelvic bowl is balanced, with a neutral lumbar curve
  • Posterior Tilt: Pelvic bowl tilt backward, flattening lumbar curve.
  • Anterior Tilt: Pelvic bowl tilt forward, exaggerating the lumbar curve
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